Boscastle to Trebarwith Strand (bus+walk)

Boats in Boscastle Harbour
Boscastle Harbour
Boats beached in Boscastle Harbour at low tide
Boats beached at low tide
Boscastle Harbour on the North Cornish coast
View from Forrabury Common
Forrabury Stitches
Forrabury Stitches
Coastline near Trevalga between Tintagel and Boscastle
Coastline at Trevalga
Lady's window
Lady's window
The Sisters
The Sisters
Bottom of Rocky Valley
Bottom of Rocky Valley
Waterfalls at Rocky Valley
Waterfalls at Rocky Valley
Benoath Cove near Tintagel, photographed at low tide
Benoath Cove
Bossiney Haven near Tintagel, photographed at low tide
Bossiney Haven
Lye Rock at Bossiney Haven near Tintagel
Lye Rock
View from Willapark headland in Tintagel
View from Willapark
View from Willapark headland in Tintagel
View towards Barras Nose
Barras Nose
Barras Nose
Grey Seal at Tintagel Haven
Grey Seal at Tintagel Haven
View from Tintagel Castle
View from Tintagel Castle
Merlins cave
Looking out from Merlin's Cave
Tintagel castle
On castle island
Tintagel castle
Tintagel castle
Castle island
Castle island
Tintagel Parish Church
St Materiana church
Stained glass in St Materiana Church
Above the altar
Roman stone in St Materiana Church
Roman stone
Stained glass in St Materiana Church
Inside St Materiana church
Waves at Glebe Cliff
Waves at Glebe Cliff
View of Gull Rock from path to Penhallic Point
View back to Gull Rock
View of Trebarwith Strand from Penhallic Point
View from Penhallic Point
View of Penhallic Point from the coast path at Trebarwith Strand
Penhallic Point
Hole Beach at Trebarwith Strand
Hole Beach
Sunset over Lanterdan Quarry at Trebarwith Strand in North Cornwall
Lanterdan Quarry
View across Port Isaac Bay from West Quarry at Trebarwith Strand
Port Isaac Bay
Sunlight on the rock pinnacles at West Quarry at Trebarwith Strand
West Quarry
View over Denis Point from cliffs at Trebarwith Strand
View back to Denis Point
Sunset over Trebarwith Valley
Sunset over Trebarwith Valley
  • Distance:8.5 miles/13.5 km
  • Walk grade:Moderate
  • Start from:Trewarmett
  • Recommended footwear:walking boots



  1. This is a "bus one way" walk, so the first thing you need to do is catch the 594 bus from Trewarmett to Boscastle which runs hourly in summer and the journey takes about 15 minutes. The bus stop is near the post box in Trewarmett, opposite Trelake Lane. If you miss the bus and have an hour to kill, you can pop up to Trewarmett Downs to admire the view.
  2. From the car park in Boscastle, turn left and follow the road, past the shops and cafés, to the signpost on the bridge.

    As you pass the Cornish Pasties on offer, consider that the potato came from South America and wasn't widely available until the late 18th Century.

    "Pasty" was another word used for "pie" throughout England from the Middle Ages onwards, and did not necessarily imply the characteristic shape and crimping we associate with the Cornish Pasty. The "traditional" Cornish Pasty recipe contains beef, onion, potato and swede (referred to as "turnip" in the local dialect) seasoned with salt and pepper. It's thought this probably dates from the late 1700s when potatoes and turnips were a staple diet for the poor. Even into Victorian times, main meat available to poor people would have been pork. In fact, the really poor had "tiddy oggy" (with no meat at all). A pasty recipe from 1746 contains no potato or swede, just meat (venison), port wine and spices.

  3. Turn right at the signpost, and follow the path along the right-hand side of the river, past the Visitors' Centre to another bridge.

    The building just before the Visitor's Centre is the old lime kiln.

    The lime kiln in Boscastle is located next to the Visitor's Centre, beside the harbour. It was built in late 18th century and was used to convert imported limestone into quicklime, using either culm (soft sooty coal found in North Devon and Northeast Cornwall) or "proper" coal shipped in from South Wales to fire the kiln. The lime was used to reduce the acidity of the soil in the fields (improving the absorption of nitrates from animal dung) and also to make mortar, plaster and whitewash for the cottages.

  4. Turn left, across the bridge, onto the other side of the river and take the track signposted for the coast path to Willapark. Follow it a short distance to a fork.

    As you cross the bridge, the terrace of cottages to your left on the opposite bank were once a manganese mill.

    The terrace of cottages opposite Boscastle's visitor's centre (on the other side of the river) was once a manganese mill. The mill was used to crush the ore to a powder which was then exported by ship for a variety of uses: glass manufacturers for colourising; cotton mills for bleach-making; and steelmakers for hardening iron. Whilst manganese is an essential trace element, prolonged high doses are toxic and the harm from the dust in the air, in mills such as this, was not known about until late Victorian times.

  5. At the fork, keep left to follow the stony track, passing one waymarked path to reach another waymarked path just before a gate.

    The small house at the end of the terrace on your left is known as The Old Store House.

    The house now known as The Old Store House is located on the harbour opposite to Boscastle Visitors' Centre. Although the name might suggest storage of cargo, in fact it was built to store horse-drawn rocket-firing equipment for marine rescue.

  6. At the waymark, bear left up the steps and follow the path a short distance to where it joins another.

    The adjoining pair of cottages by the harbour wall in Boscastle, known as Highwater and Highwater Cottage, were built at different times. The cottage on the right with four-paned windows dates from the mid nineteenth century. The left-hand cottage with the protruding upper windows is older and is thought to date from around the mid-late eighteenth century. It's thought the latter could be the former Sun Dial Inn which was listed for sale in 1792 and has since vanished. The proximity of the inn to the harbour would certainly have been good for "passing trade" from thirsty sailors coming ashore.

  7. Continue ahead from the waymark and follow it to another waymark at a junction of paths on the headland.

    The steep-sided valley of the river Valency forms a sheltered natural harbour at Boscastle. The two stone harbour walls date back to Elizabethan times, built in 1584. The outer breakwater was built in 1820, but destroyed in 1941 by a drifting mine and then rebuilt by the National Trust.

    The harbour was very difficult to approach in a sailing ship and it was not safe for ships to enter under their own sail. On a ship's arrival, a boat with eight men, known as a "hobbler", would go out to tow them into the harbour, whilst men on the shore held the ship in the middle of the channel, using ropes.

  8. From the waymark, follow the steps of the coast path gradually up the headland until you reach a pair of gates.

    There are excellent views over Boscastle Harbour from this stretch of path. You can also take a short diversion to the right onto the quay, returning here to continue the walk. The rocky island in the mouth of the harbour is The Meachard.

    The Meachard is an island rock in the mouth of Boscastle Harbour. In the spring and summer, it is home to colonies of seabirds, in particular razorbills which can be seen tumbling off the edge of the rock and spreading their wings at the very last moment before hitting the sea. There is a small blowhole on the inside of the island which can be seen venting spray when the sea is rough.

  9. Go through the gate on the right, in the direction of Willapark shown on the waymark. Follow the path, bearing right when it merges with another, to reach the coastguard lookout.

    Boscastle Coastguard Lookout is located on Willapark headland, to the south of Boscastle's harbour. The coastguard lookout was built in the 1800s, originally as a summerhouse, by a successful merchant, similarly to Doyden Castle at Port Quin. After this, it was leased to the Board of Trade and used by the Revenue men to prevent smuggling. When duties were cut and smuggling collapsed, it was used as a coastguard lookout until the 1970s. After this, it was acquired by the National Trust and maintained as a folly. In 2002 it was leased to the National Coastwatch Institute and is now run as a voluntary lookout.

  10. From the coastguard lookout, head back initially in the direction you came but at the fork in the paths, keep right. Follow the path until it ends at a gate.

    On your right is Western Blackapit which is a notorious spot for shipwrecks.

    In January of 1843, the Jessie Logan was enroute from Calcutta to Liverpool, with a mixed cargo. On 16th January, a heavy gale drove it on the shore and it struck, between three and four in the afternoon, on the rocks near Blackapit, on the approach to Boscastle Harbour. All the crew perished. A great part of her cargo came ashore including bags containing rice, sugar, and some cotton. Customs officers and the coast guard attempted to protect the cargo from a crowd of locals armed with sticks, which involved punches being thrown and cutlasses wielded. Despite their efforts, a large amount was carried off by the locals. The two ringleaders were later prosecuted "for feloniously plundering and stealing from a ship" and received twelve months of Hard Labour.

  11. Go through the gate and turn right onto the coast path, keeping right along the coast, until you reach a kissing gate.

    At the bottom of the cliffs on your right, debris from the wrecked ship Alliance was washed up.

    The Alliance was a ship wrecked near Boscastle, with debris washing up just west of Boscastle near Willapark headland. In December 1884, the steam-powered cargo freighter disappeared while enroute from Cardiff to St Nazaire with a cargo of coal from the Welsh valleys. The type of coal she was carrying was liable to produce methane in wet conditions and was known to cause ships to spontaneously explode. However, an investigation found the ship to be well ventilated and in good seaworthy condition when she left port and they concluded that the ship probably foundered off the North Cornish coast in the North Westerly gale. All 16 members of the crew perished.

  12. Go through the kissing gate and follow the path, down into the valley and up the other side, to a stile.

    California Quarry is the northernmost of the coastal state quarries between Boscastle and Tintagel. You can still see the stone foundations of the wooden tower used to haul the slate up from the cliff face.

    Trilobite fossils can occasionally be found in slates in the slate tips here. They used to be common, but much of the slate tips have now fallen into the sea. If you're hunting for trilobites, look for slates with yellow or brown blotches as these are the slates from the Carboniferous period (about 340-350 million years ago) which are the ones containing fossils.

  13. Cross the stile and follow the path through a gate and down into the next valley, at Grower Gut, to a footbridge over the stream.

    The remains of Welltown quarry lies on the headland between California and Grower quarries, near Trevalga. These three quarries have been earmarked as "heritage quarries" which, in principle, could be reopened in the future for small scale extraction for repairs to heritage buildings. If so, dangling above the raging sea to extract slate from the cliff face may present some modern-day Health and Safety challenges.

  14. From the footbridge, cross a stile and a second footbridge and follow the coast path, up from the valley, to a waymark in a field beside a wooden walkway.

    Grower Quarry is situated on the coast between Boscastle and Trevalga. The slate quarried along this stretch of coast was deposited in the transition between the Devonian and Carboniferous periods, around 360 million years ago, when Cornwall was still at the bottom of the (Rheic) Ocean. The older Upper Devonian slates (which is the period in which Delabole slate was deposited) are harder and finer than those that came later. The later slates, deposited as the ocean became shallower, are more likely to contain fossils.

  15. Bear right to cross the walkway and then follow the path across the diagonal of the field to a slate stile in the opposite corner.
  16. Cross the wall via the stile and follow the path until it merges onto a track at a waymark.

    The offshore rocks are home to colonies of razorbills and guillemots.

    Razorbills and Guillemots are the surviving cousins of the extinct Greak Auk. After centuries of being hunted for feathers, meat and eggs, the last Great Auk in Britain was beaten to death in 1840 for being a witch.

    Razorbills are the now largest of the auk species and only come to land to breed. They have a characteristic thin white stripe across their eye in the breeding season. Guillemot is a fairly loose term used for any auk that isn't a Razorbill! There are two distinct families of species referred to as guillemots: the first are the smaller members of the Razorbill family which are also black with a white belly; the second family are all black with red legs.

  17. Follow the track ahead from the waymark for a short distance until you reach another waymark in front of a gate.

    The coastline around Trevalga is particularly spectacular, with a number of offshore rocks which provide homes for seabird colonies. Guillimots, razorbills, cormorants and shags, puffins and several types of gull are known to nest here.

  18. At the waymark, take the coast path, to the right, and follow it through two kissing gates, to a waymark on the skyline.

    From the waymark, a path leads to a bench and on to The Ladies Window overlooking Short Island.

    The rock arch on the cliffs at Trevalga, known as the Lady's Window, was formed around 370 million years ago. Sediments laid down at the bottom of the ocean, initially formed crumbly shales. Around 40 million years later, when Cornwall was pushed out of the sea, the intense pressure and heat from the colliding contents transformed some of the shale into hard rocks called phillites. The softer rocks above have been worn away, exposing these hard rocks. Gradual weathering has created the hole through the middle.

  19. From the waymark, follow the path along the coast past the offshore islands and eventually down into a deep gorge at Rocky Valley, to a footbridge.

    Along this path is a viewpoint over Long Island, which is also a nice spot for a picnic in the summer. To reach it: from the waymark, follow the coast path over the ridge and over one bed of slate to a second bed of slate. The footpath to the viewpoint departs to the right where the coastpath crosses the slate.

    Long and Short Island are two rock stacks off Firebeacon hill at Trevalga. The names of Long and Short Island are known to date back at least as far as the 1750s, and are presumed to refer to the respective heights of the two rocky islets, with Long Island reported as being 300ft high. There are large seabird colonies on both islets and a few pairs of puffins are sometimes seen nesting here; before the mid-20th century, there were many more.

  20. Follow the coast path over the bridge to a waymark and bear right to follow the path up the other side of the valley until a path departs from the right, just past an overhanging rock.

    Rocky Valley, on the way out of Tintagel towards Boscastle, has been formed by the Trevillet river carving its way through the slate bedrock, and was mentioned in travel books as a place of exceptional beauty as early as 1897. The river cascades through woodland, before opening out into a canyon which meets the coast.

    About five minutes walk up the valley is the ruin of Trewethett Mill.

    On the rockface beside the waymark, about half way down Rocky Valley near Trewethett Mill, are some labyrinthine stone carvings. The age of the carvings is unknown: some historians think they could be as early as bronze age, others think they are much more recent.

  21. Keep left at the fork and follow the path up the headland to the top of the steps.
  22. Bear left at the top of the steps and follow the coast path behind Benoath Cove until you descend into a gulley at a waymark signposted to Tintagel.

    From the waymark you can turn right down the gully to explore the beach of Bossiney Haven and return to the waymark in the gulley to continue the walk.

    Bossiney Haven is a secluded cove, just north of Tintagel. There is no beach at Bossiney at high tide, but when the tide is fully out, there is a beach of golden sand which stretches around the other side of the headland (known as Benoath Cove) from the main inlet (Bossiney Haven). This makes it a lovely place to swim or paddle on a warm summer's day. There is also good snorkelling to the far left of the beach where a kelp-covered reef lies, and also to the far right when the tide is right out. The beach is not patrolled by lifeguards and combined with the steep steps down, it's not ideal for young children.

  23. From the waymark, the route continues in the direction signposted to Tintagel. Beforehand, you can take a short diversion down the gulley to the beach. To continue the walk, climb the steps to the kissing gate and follow the path on the other side, down the steps to the footbridge.
  24. From the footbridge, follow the coast path to climb up the next headland until you reach a V-shaped stile.

    The rock at the end of the headland is known as Lye Rock.

    Lye Rock, facing into the bay at Bossiney is barely attached to the headland of Willapark and will soon (in geological terms anyway!) become another rock stack like The Sisters. It has a seabird colony that once housed the biggest Puffin colony in Cornwall. In 1948 there were estimated to be 2000 puffins here. By 1982 there were none. There is still a sizeable guillemot and razorbill colony and some cormerants too.

  25. Continue to the top of the steps then bear left to stay on the coast path, following it to a waymark beside a bench.

    On December 20 in 1893, the Italian ship "Iota" was driven against the cliff at Lye Rock near Bossiney Haven. The crew were able to get onto the rock and, apart from a youth of 14, were saved by four local men who received medals for bravery. The boy who died is buried in the churchyard of St Materiana on Glebe Cliff, and his grave marked with a wooden cross.

  26. At the bench, the walk route continues to the left in the direction signposted to Tintagel and the path to the right leads onto Willapark headland, which you may want to explore first. To continue the walk, bear left through the gateway and follow the coast path to a kissing gate.

    The large headland in Tintagel to the east of Barras Nose is known as Willapark, not to be confused with Willapark in Boscastle where the coastguard lookout is based. The name Willapark is based on two old Celtic words meaning 'enclosed' and 'lookout'. The headland was fortified by an earth rampart across the neck of the headland to create a hill fort in the Iron Age. When the gorse was burnt off, circular marks became visible indicating the positions of huts. Much of the ramparts were removed or adapted to allow quarrying from the headland, so relatively little remains now.

  27. Go through the gate and the keep right along the coast path. Follow it past a number of waymarks until you eventually reach a a pair of pedestrian gates.

    The Sisters are two small islets that were once part of the headland of Willapark on the opposite side of the bay from Tintagel Castle. Underwater, they are still linked: the protruding islets are surrounded by a large shallow reef with a depth of less than 2 metres around the rocks. The Sisters are home to a large breeding colony of razorbills and guillimots and also have a sizeable population of cormerants.

  28. Go through the rightmost gate (ahead) and follow the coast path until you reach a waymark to Glebe Cliff.

    The rocky headland on the right is Barras Nose.

    Barras Nose is a rocky headland located just east of Tintagel Castle and its island, to the north of the village of Tintagel. This was the first piece of coastal land ever bought by the National Trust in 1897. In Victorian times, the Castle Hotel was originally planned to be built on Barras Nose which gave rise to a local campaign to purchase the headland and save it. It's a popular spot with locals for fishing as there is a rock platform and several surrounding reefs. From the top of the headland there are excellent views to the right, across to Willapark, and to the left, of the castle.

    A rocky scarp runs nearly all the way across the neck of Barras Nose, forming a natural defence similar to those that were created by hard labour at the cliff castles on surrounding headlands. It's therefore quite possible that Barras was adopted as a "prefabricated" hillfort and flint tools have been discovered which show there was human activity here from at least 4,000 years ago. The name itself may also hint at its history: in the 1890s, it was known as "Barrows Cliff".

  29. From Barras Nose follow the path down from the headland towards Tintagel Castle
  30. The path bends into Tintagel Haven and comes out next to the stream

    Grey Seals are one of the rarest seal species in the world and the biggest land breeding mammal in the UK. Roughly half of the world population of grey seals is found in Britain, a large proportion of which are found in Cornwall. They are big animals with the larger males often over 10ft long; the females are somewhat smaller at around 6ft and usually lighter colours than the males. The latin name for the grey seal translates to the somewhat unflattering "hooked-nosed sea pig" and the alternative common name of horsehead seal isn't much better.

  31. Cross the stream and follow the path around the cliff until you reach the kiosk for entrance to the castle

    Tintagel Castle (also known as "King Arthur's Castle") is perched on an island which was joined by a land bridge in the Middle Ages. The ruins of Tintagel Castle that you see today were built in the 13th century by Richard Earl of Cornwall. From coins and pottery fragments found at the site, it is thought that before this, the site might have originally been a Roman settlement, and later, in the early Middle Ages, a Celtic settlement. There is speculation amongst historians that the site was a summer residence for one of the Celtic kings, perhaps leading to the legends of Arthur.

  32. Once you've finished exploring the castle, head back to the kiosk and climb up the steps to the remnants of the Outer Bailey
  33. Follow the path past the second kiosk and follow it around to the right. After a short climb the path levels out and approaches St Materiana's Church

    Tintagel Parish church, dedicated to St Materiana, is located on Glebe Cliff at the end of Vicarage Lane.The first church on the site was thought to be in the 6th century, founded as a daughter church of Minster in Boscastle which is even older. The current church was built in the late 11th or early 12th century with the tower added in the late Mediaeval era. The Norman font bowl by the south wall is believed to have been brought from St Julitta's chapel at Tintagel Castle. The church also contains a Roman stone from the 4th century bearing the name of the Emperor Licinius which may be evidence that there was once a Roman camp nearby.

  34. Facing the sea, make your way towards the right-hand corner of the church car park. Take the left of the two paths (towards the sea) and follow it to a waymark.

    Tintagel Parish church, dedicated to St Materiana, is located on Glebe Cliff at the end of Vicarage Lane.The first church on the site was thought to be in the 6th century, founded as a daughter church of Minster in Boscastle which is even older. The current church was built in the late 11th or early 12th century with the tower added in the late Mediaeval era. The Norman font bowl by the south wall is believed to have been brought from St Julitta's chapel at Tintagel Castle. The church also contains a Roman stone from the 4th century bearing the name of the Emperor Licinius which may be evidence that there was once a Roman camp nearby.

  35. At the waymark, bear left to stay on the path and follow it to another waymark.

    Coastal slate quarries are confined to a small area of about five miles either side of Tintagel and relatively little is known about their history. In order to work the vertical cliff face, strong points were built from stone above the working areas. From these, ropes were dropped down the quarry face. Men were lowered down the faces on these ropes to split blocks of slate from the face. The slate was hauled up the cliff face on these cables which were wound using "horse whims" - capstans powered by horses or donkeys walking around a circular platform. The stone was split and shaped on "dressing floors" on the cliff top, originally covered with sheds. The remains can be seen as level terraces and are marked by screes of waste rock on the cliff below. Splitting was (and still is) done with a bettle (hammer) and chisel, hence the name of the pub in Delabole.

  36. At the waymark, bear right and follow the small path to another waymark. From here, continue ahead along the path until it emerges at another waymark by the Youth Hostel.

    There are 9 slate quarries along the coast path between Tintagel Church and Trebarwith Strand. Slate quarrying began here in the early 14th Century and ended just before The Second World War. The slate was exported from Tintagel Haven and later from boats moored along Penhallic Point.

    Cutting the stone and loading it onto boats was harsh work and could be lethal. A local man - Alan Menhenick - recalled in the 1920s: "we worked with the tides, around the clock. I've been at the quarry at four in the morning. When the tide was in, we blasted; when the tide was out, we went down and collected the slate". In 1889, three men vanished into the sea when the face that they were boring sheared off the cliff.

  37. Bear left along the track to another waymark and go down the steps on the right to the coast path. Follow this until you reach a kissing gate.

    On the point opposite Tintagel Youth Hostel is the remains of Gull Point Quarry. The quarry face on the rear of the cove was known as Lambshouse Quarry (Lambshouse is the name of the cove). Both were worked in the 19th Century, and jointly for much of their later life. The round platform near the top is the remains of a "horse whim", where a blindfolded donkey used to circle, operating the winding gear.

  38. Go through the kissing gate and follow the path until it forks on the top of Penhallic Point. Keep left at the fork to reach a bench.

    Penhallic Point is the long headland along the northern edge of the bay at Trebarwith Strand. In the late 1800s, a wharf (which has now been taken by the sea) was constructed at Penhallic Point where the cliff edge was trimmed to form a 100ft vertical face. Ships could lie against this face as there is a natural deep-water berth alongside the point. The slate was lowered by crane down into their holds.

    A path from the top of the point zig-zags down to a grassy platform where there is a lifebuoy. It's possible to get down onto the rocks from here, but only in the summer when the rocks are dry.

  39. From Penhallic Point, follow the path inland along the edge of a wall and over a stile.
  40. Turn right and follow the path along the right-hand hedge, crossing another stile where the path overlooks Hole Beach to your right and Lanterdan Quarry ahead of you

    The Lanterdan and West quarries above Vean Hole and Hole Beach at Trebarwith Strand were once some of the biggest in North Cornwall. In Lanterdan quarry there is a tall, distinctive, pinnacle of rock. This was left behind as the slate in the pinnacle was not of a sufficiently good quality; shorter pinnacles were left in West Quarry for the same reason. These chunks of inferior-quality slate were known locally as "scullocks".

    The quarry workings never reached the shoreline as there is a fault along the base of the quarry, known as the Trambley Cove Formation. This is made of volcanic lava which was no good to the quarrymen. Lanterdan Quarry is now owned by the National Trust and is a site of geological interest for two reasons. The first is that it contains brachiopod (shellfish) fossils. Second, a rare mineral called monazite is present which contains rare-earth (lanthanide) metals.

  41. Follow the path past the quarries, noting the small tracks and paths joining from the left where the quarrymen would walk from Treknow
  42. Continue to a rocky outcrop overlooking Trebarwith Strand

    Several small beaches make up Trebarwith which, at low tide, join to form a mile long ribbon of golden sand:

    • Port William round to the left is strewn with rocks except at the lowest point of the tide. It's popular with local surfers but not recommended for novices due to the rocks and strong currents.
    • Trebarwith Strand is in the centre and is the lifeguard-patrolled area. It's sandy on the left and, to the right side, there are more rocks including some good rock pools.
    • Lill Cove around to the right. There is a gully between rocks that makes it possible to get through to Trebarwith when access is cut off by the sea (though this route isn't available at high tide). There is also a footpath up from Lill Cove joining the coast path which is accessible at all times of the tide.
    • Vean Hole, further to the right, is a continuation of Lill Cove once the tide is a little way out, but is technically a separate beach.
    • Hole Beach to the far right. There is some good snorkelling along the right-hand edge of Hole Beach and due to the large numbers of Sea Bass, it's a good spot for beachcasting. Apart from at the lowest couple of hours of the tide, Hole Beach is cut off by the sea.
  43. Follow the path downhill a short distance then take the path that joins from the left
  44. Follow the path out onto a lane, and follow this until another lane joins from the right.

    The "herringbone" style of walling built with tightly packed alternating diagonal slate courses, is unique to Cornwall's heritage. It is known locally as "Jack and Jill", "Curzy Way" or "Kersey Wave". The latter two names are based on the Cornish word kersy which means "reeds", perhaps referring to a square weave pattern. On a long wall, the herringbone sections are often between "towers" of flat-laid slate (built from the larger and squarer stones) which helped to prevent the wall slumping sideways. Traditionally, hedges (stone boundary walls) were built with whatever was cleared out of the fields, whilst buildings were constructed from stone that was quarried and cut.

  45. Turn right down this lane into Treknow.

    Treknow (which in Cornish means 'the valley place') is perhaps one of the oldest 'industrial' settlements in the area dating back to Mediaeval times, based mainly on slate quarrying with some early metal mining. The physical structure of Treknow - its bowl-like formation, in parts literally carved out of the rock - could be the result of early slate excavations. It was in direct response to the needs of industrial workers, in the expanding quarrying industry of the early 19th century, that the rows of cottages were constructed. The use of slate for roofs, chimneys, walls and paving, which contributes so greatly to their character, is further testimony to the dominant role of the local industry.

  46. At the first fork stay left and at the second bear right onto the main road. After a short distance Trelake lane splits off to the left with a large Give Way sign painted on it.
  47. Follow Trelake lane back to Trewarmett

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